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commelina diffusa uses

Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the dayflower family.It has been introduced to the southeastern United States where it is most common in wet disturbed soils. Ind. Spreading dayflower (Commelina diffusa) is a succulent annual that produces freely branched smooth stems. It is used by the Sotho for treating barren women. 32 Page 108. Commelina benghalensis can be an annual or perennial herb, depending on climatic conditions: annual in temperate to sub-tropical zones and perennial in tropical climates. f. (C. diffusa) is the richest bio-resource of drugs of traditional systems of medicine, modern medicines, nutraceuticals, food supplements, folk medicines, pharmaceutical intermediates and chemical entities for synthetic drugs. There are two native Commelinas, Blue Commelina (Commelina diffusa) and the Queensland Wandering Sailor (Commelina lanceolata). Extracts of the plant show antibacterial activity. Commelina diffusa; Flower being visited by a pollinator in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, ChinaYunnan, China 37. Description of Values. Additional Information Name Authority: Burm. The stuff, known scientifically as Commelina diffusa, is everywhere. Close-up of the flower Photograph by: Fritzflohrreynolds Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0. Status: Not Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWPL), T (WAP) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens ** Not applicable or data not available. Stem. Bibliographic References . Robert B. Faden. Commelina diffusa Vahl Common names Capoeraba in Portuguese Marianinha in Portuguese Mata-Brasil in Portuguese climbing dayflower in English creeping-spiderwort in English erva-menina in Spanish spreading dayflower in English 竹仔菜;節節草 in language. Hence we have selected shoots of C. diffusa for premilinary phytochemical study and GC-MS analysis. F. is a herbaceous tropical plant with different traditional medicinal uses. Leaves. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Plant Name Commelina benghalensis L. Common name: Marathi: Keni Hindi: Kanchara English: Garden Commelina, Dayflower Jawhar: Keni Identification guide General Commelina benghalensis is a herbaceous perennial plant, with long, creeping, succulent stems that can be 60 - 90cm long; and ascending, jointed branches, rooting where the nodes touch the ground Leaves Alternate- spirally … Petals usually clear blue, rarely pale blue or purplish. Common name. A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. SWSS: Southern Weed Science Society. diffusa: Common Name: COMMON DAYFLOWER: Plant Notes: Commelina diffusa is thought to be native to the Old World and introduced to the USA (Faden 1989, 1993; Hassemer 2018). Inflorescens peduncles 7 – 25 mm long. Lubbock. Latin name: Commelina communis Family: Commelinaceae (Spiderwort Family) Medicinal use of Day Flower: The leaves are depurative, diuretic and febrifuge. nec non Prodromus Florae Capensis 18, plate 7, fig. Commelina benghalensis has been … Plant Classification Group: Commelinaceae; Plant Locations: Oceania. Herbs, perennial or annual, spreading. Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Classification. Purdue Sites. Stems creeping, branched (sometimes at every node), to more than 1 m, glabrous or hispidulous throughout or in a line. Synonim : 1. Commelina diffusa occurs as a weed in 17 crops in 26 countries and Murdannia nudiflora occurs as a weed in 16 crops in 23 countries [27]. Bernal, R., S.R. 1768. bristly), subsessile and hispid. L 2. Common names can be a headache when one is trying to index a plant. . (2005). is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Commelina (family Commelinaceae ). It is also called just the Dayflower. Flowers. More so there are native North American Dayflowers in a different genus. Uses. Commelina diffusa and Spathodea campanulata are used as wound-healing agents in Ashanti traditional medicine in Ghana. Common names can be a headache when one is trying to index a plant. Then there is the introduced weed, Hairy Commelina (Commelina benghalensis). Rumen degradation of Commelina diffusa was high. Effective degradabilities of DM and CP at rumen out flow rate of 5% were 43.09 and 42.20%, respectively. It has been introduced to the southeastern United States where it is most common in wet disturbed soils. : 18, t.7, f.2. 18, plate 7, fig. Used as a throat gargle to relieve sore throats and tonsilitis. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 233842 ) with original publication details: Fl. (2005). Stems decumbent to scandent. Top of page Confusion can occur with a number of other weedy Commelina species, but the following combination of characters may be used to distinguish C. benghalensis: all three petals blue, leaves broadly elliptical (length up to twice width only), spathe sealed to form triangular pocket, seeds rugose, presence of stolons, leaf sheaths with reddish-brown-tipped hairs. Therefore, Commelina diffusa can recommend that may be used protein source for ruminants ruminants Subject Category: Organism Names Commelina elegans Kunth. Leaves are broadly lance-shaped with closed sheaths. (1768) Fl. Or seemingly so. Commelina diffusa thrives on cultivated soils of cocoa (Theobroma cacao), citrus, root crops such as dasheen (Colocasia esculenta) that tolerate water, and it is also a major weed in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum), upland rice (Oryza sativa), soybean (Glycine max), cassava (Manihot esculenta), corn (Zea mays), banana and plantain (Musa spp .) 1998. as Commelina diffusa (Includes a picture). 2. Commelina virginica L. Show All Show Tabs Virginia dayflower General Information; Symbol: COVI3 Group: Monocot ... Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife. 节节草 jie jie cao Herbs annual. Commelina diffusa Burm. Commelina diffusa. Commelina diffusa . Consequently, both species were exposed to the same weather conditions and seasonal fl oods. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Common doesn't begin to describe how common common dayflower really is. (2004). It can get rather confusing. The plant to the lower right is commonly known as the Asiatic Dayflower but it is not. (eds.). Commelina hirtella Vahl. Commelina diffusa: What a day for a dayflower. The leaves are smooth on both sides, lily-like in shape, 3 - 7 cm long and 2 - 4 cm wide. Commelina benghalensis is used medicinally by different cultures. Present study is aimed to isolate the bioactive compounds from DCM-Methanol extract of the powdered whole plant of Commelina diffusa and to investigate the cytotoxic, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the crude extract and its twelve vacuum liquid chromatographic fraction (CD1-12). Commelina is a genus of approximately 170 species commonly called dayflowers due to the short lives of their flowers. spreading dayflower. Everywhere you look, everywhere around the globe. Inflorescence enclosing bracts green. Common Name: Slender Day-Flower. More so there are native North American Dayflowers in a different genus. Sheaths are short with a few soft hairs on the upper margin. Commelina diffusa Zoll. A study on the methanol extract of Commelina diffusa showed antioxidant and antifungal (against Trichophyton species) activity confirming its wound healing benefits. Papua New Guinea (Southern Highlands Province): leaves eaten by the Wola people. Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Scurvy Weed. Commelina benghalensis L. Vernacular names : Indonesia : - Description : 1. It can get rather confusing. Commelina diffusa; Common dayflower, photographed in Delray Beach near Lake Ida Road. Commelina diffusa. f. Photo Gallery. The plant to the lower right is commonly known as the Asiatic Dayflower but it is not. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 117. Commelina diffusa: What a day for a dayflower. It is also called just the Dayflower. Figure 1. 1768. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Inflorescens bract (spathe) margin not connate. They are less often known as widow's tears.It is by far the largest genus of its family, Commelinaceae. Texas Tech University Press. var. Burman f. Flora Indica. non. Reproduction occurs via seed and stem fragments. climbing dayflower. Setshogo, M.P. For the premilinary … Commelina diffusa is widely known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, which is an annual herb belonging to the family Commelinaceae that has been used as a medicinal plant for centuries. There are two recognised varieties, one being the type and the other being C. diffusa var. Spreading dayflower. In Hawaii this weed first evolved resistance to Group O/4 herbicides in 1957 and infests Sugarcane for sugar. (2015). Sabonet Report no. Floscopa glabrata and Commelina diffusa have simple Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the dayflower family. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Commelina diffusa Burm. Commelina nudiflora auct. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Commelina diffusa is a fleshy, herbaceous, creeping and more or less ascending, annual or perennial herb. It is used to treat infertility, burns, sore throats, sore eyes, dysentery, rashes and leprosy. Flowers have three blue petals in a leaf-like structure open on the margins. In Zulu culture the plant is used as a poultice and it is also taken to reduce high blood pressure. There are two recognised varieties, one being the type and the other being C. diffusa var. Gradstein & Celis, M. Leaf surface can be either glabrous (i.e. Group O/4 herbicides are known as Synthetic Auxins (Synthetic auxins (action like indoleacetic acid)). The methanol extracts of Commelina diffusa herb and Spathodea campanulata bark showed some level of antimicrobial activity with C. diffusa exhibiting selective antifungal activity against Trichophyton species. The plant Commelina diffusa Burm. Papua New Guinea; Plant References: SILLITOE 1993 ; SILLITOE 2003; Location Map. WeedyIntroduced. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Leaves subsessile; leaf sheath hispid or hispid-ciliate, with red lines; leaf blade lanceolate or proximal ones oblong, 3--12 × 0.8--3 cm, glabrous or hispid. Phiri, P.S.M. DM and CP disappearance were 88.90 and 98.00%, respectively. f. was defi ned as a cosmopolitan plant (Faden & Hunt 1991) and the specimen used to conduct this research was found exactly in the same place as Floscopa glabrata. Close-up of the flower Photograph by: Fritzflohrreynolds Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 . The stems are supple frequently touching the soil and developing root at the nodes. Commelina diffusa N. L. Burman, Fl. Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. Stems can be erect to climbing if supported or creeping along the ground. Sprawling fleshy herb with ascending branches up to 75 cm tall, rooting at the nodes. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Commelina diffusa leaves Commelina diffusa. Burman, N.L. 2. A dense mass of growth Photograph by: Gerrit Davidse. hairless) or hispid (i.e. Indica. • Antioxidant / Antifungal: Commelina diffusa is used as a wound -healing agent in traditional Ghana medicine. Species: Commelina diffusa Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page C. diffusa is occasionally known by the synonyms C. nudiflora or C. communis, but these names have each been used by different authors for more than one taxon and are incorrect when applied to C. diffusa. A decoction of the dried plant is used to treat bleeding, diarrhoea, fever etc. In south-east Queensland (SEQ) there are three species of Commelina that all have a similar looking small, but brilliant, blue, three-petalled flower. 2. Spreading Dayflower (Commelina diffusa) is a monocot weed in the Commelinaceae family. Leaf blades about 20-35 x 7-9 mm. But it is most common in wet disturbed soils as Commelina diffusa is. Open on the margins as widow 's tears.It is by far the largest of... Introduced to the short lives of their flowers or creeping along the ground one being the type and other...: Commelina diffusa: What a day for a dayflower hence we have shoots. ; Location Map Group O/4 herbicides in 1957 and infests Sugarcane for sugar bleeding. When one is trying to index a plant when one is trying to a! Rate of 5 % were 43.09 and 42.20 %, respectively 18, plate 7, fig traditional Ghana.. 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