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who was antipater

When Athens began to speak of the conditions of peace, Antipater insisted that only the victor sets the conditions and that each Greek city-state was to negotiate its own terms. Antipater, (born c. 397 bce—died 319), Macedonian general, regent of Macedonia (334–23) and of the Macedonian Empire (321–319) whose death signaled the end of centralized authority in the empire. After the death of Alexander Janeueus his wife Queen Alexandra Salome ruled for a … ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of * Herod. The first few years of his reign were not easy for the young king. Viewing this as a sign of disrespect, Alexander grew enraged and slammed Cassander’s head against a nearby wall. Listening more to his mother than his commander, in 324 BCE Antipater was replaced as regent by the commander Craterus and ordered to appear before the king at Babylon. He had planned to meet Darius’ commanders, Autophradates and Pharnabazus on the island of Siphnos to discuss an alliance, but the Persian defeat at Gaugamela ended any further discussion. However, peace at home would not remain for long. Antipater had always been considered a trustworthy commander, representing Philip at Athens in 346 BCE. Alexander III of Macedon, known as Alexander the Great (l. 20 or... Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-Eyed") (382 -301... Cassander (c. 355-297 BCE, r. 305-297 BCE) was self-proclaimed... Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the... Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s... Alexander the Great owed much to the influence of his parents... A History of the Hellenistic World: 323 - 30 BC [Blackwell History of... Alexander the Great and His Empire: A Short Introduction, Antipater's Dynasty: Alexander the Great's Regent and his Successors, Alexander's Heirs: The Age of the Successors, Dioscorides and Antipater of Sidon: The Poems, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Following the Battle of Charonea in 338, he was entrusted with the task of accompanying young Prince Alexander to Athens to … Unfortunately, Cassander was not named the heir. The defeated Spartan king was carried off the field of battle by his troops, dying from a spear wound. ). Did he willingly participate in a conspiracy to poison Alexander? Antipater accompanied Alexander when he faced an assembly of Macedonian troops. After Philip’s assassination by the disgruntled Pausanias, a disagreement arose among the nobility as to who was the rightful heir to the throne of Macedon. To An excellent commander in his own right, Leosthenes cornered Antipater at Lamia in Thessaly. Thus, Herod was of Arab origin, although he was a practicing Jew. 46 BC – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. Antipater resented the order, considering it a death warrant. (394 -395). He also became an advisor to the Maccabean Queen Alexandra Salome. When each commander claimed part of Alexander’s empire for himself, Antipater took control of Macedon. The rest of Greek city-states - except for Sparta - quickly realized the true strength of Alexander and submitted willingly to his leadership. Antipater remained as regent of Macedonia while his son, Cassander, received Caria (southwestern Anatolia). Antipater had wealth and power but he wanted more. Ancient History Encyclopedia. When they heard of the approaching the Macedonian army, they assumed, incorrectly, that it was under the command of Antipater. Having favored the winning side in the conflict, Antipater's star rose, especially since he cooperated with the Romans as much … The Macedonian commander was victorious, wiping out all Spartan resistance. → Wikipedia entry 323/33 der shows anger towards Cassander and Iollas, the sons of Antipater. By the settlement at Triparadisus, Syria (321), after Perdiccas’s death, Antipater became regent of the Macedonian Empire for the two kings: the intellectually disabled Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. In 331 BCE, about the time Alexander was preparing to meet Darius at Gaugamela, King Agis III of Sparta joined with forces from Elis, Arcadia, and Achaea, and declared war on Macedon. During a civil war in the Empire, Herod won the favor of Octavian, who later became the Roman emperor Augustus Caesar.Once he was king, Herod launched an ambitious building program, both in Jerusalem and the spectacular port city of Caesarea, named after the emperor. She would have to have been re-betrothed to someone worthy. However, before he could realize his vision, he had to be assured of the army’s loyalty. 360 BCE 320 BCE 280 BCE 240 BCE 200 BCE 160 BCE 120 BCE 80 BCE 40 BCE. Omissions? Herod’s closeness to the imperial family resulted in his choice as a mediator in the Roman–Parthian talks of 36. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The coalition almost defeated Macedon. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great 's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. Many of the veterans were tired of war, and Philip’s death meant that the war against Persia had been abandoned. Web. 398?-319 bc. ANTIPATER. To some, the incident would be seen as insignificant, just another outburst by Alexander, if not for what would happen afterwards. 323/66 The Greek army defeats Antipater, and he retreats to Lamia. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. Rumors surrounding this latter cause brought the name of Antipater into the discussion. His daughters were: Phila, Eurydice of Egypt and Nicaea of Macedon, while his sons were: Iollas, Cassander, Pleistarchus, Phillip, Nicanor, Alexarchus and Triparadeisus. Wrong! Refusing to appear himself, he sent his son Cassander who made a number of valiant pleas on his father’s behalf. He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. Aside from his role as hegemon or regent, Antipater was designated the headmaster of the School of Pages as well as assigned the daunting task of handling the finances of both the military and naval forces. The settlement of the satrapies (provinces) of the Macedonian Empire by the new regent, Perdiccas, at Babylon in 323, immediately after Alexander’s death, left Antipater in control of Macedonia and Greece, though as former regent his status in relation to Perdiccas was not clearly defined. https://www.ancient.eu/Antipater/. Both Antipater and Parmenio, however, urged Alexander to reconsider and wait until an heir was born to secure the throne. Did he order his son Iolaus, the cupbearer to the king, to administer the fatal dose, for was it not Iolaus’s lover who had invited the king to the party? In this conflict, the Roman general Pompey intervened in Hyrcanus' favor. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Antipater definition, Macedonian statesman and general: regent of Macedonia 334–323. Antipater was an adherent of Hyrcanus, one of two princes who struggling to become king of Judaea. Antipater then took Hyrcanus with him to Aretas, who forthwith proceeded with a large army against Aristobulus, and defeated him. 24 Dec 2020. Written by Donald L. Wasson, published on 14 June 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. At a meeting presided by Antipater, several nobles voiced suppor… Wasson, D. L. (2016, June 14). Ancient History Encyclopedia. Antipater was from Edom. Josephus also does not say who Antipater’s daughter was then betrothed to in the second round. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Antipater (c. 399-319 B.C.) Antipater had ten children from various unknown wives. The following year he was tried for plotting against Herod and Pheroras, Herod’s brother, and was executed five days before his father’s death. Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Aristotle is supposed to have made up this drug … and Antipater’s son Cassander is said to have brought it … and that it was given Alexander by Cassander’s younger brother Iollas (sp)… I put them down as such and do not expect them to be believed. Meanwhile, Antipater was being drawn into battle against Memnon, the military governor of Thrace who was seeking independence from Macedon. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Antipatris was a city built by Herod the Great, and named in honor of his father, Antipater II of Judea. Alexander Sarcophogusby James Carnehan (CC BY). This immense power would not go unnoticed by the ever-present and always vocal Olympias; Antipater considered her a “sharp-tongued shrew.” Her attempts to meddle in governmental affairs would eventually force Alexander to intercede. As the young king stood before them and cried, he promised each of them glory and riches. Antipater (c. 399-319 BCE) was a Macedonian statesman and loyal lieutenant of both Alexander the Great and his father Philip II of Macedon. ANTIPATER (born 397 BCE – died 319) was a Macedonian general and trustworthy commander of Philip II of Macedon. The incident would haunt him for the remainder of his life. 4 BCE: Herod the Great, suspicious of rival factions, executes his son Antipater. To maintain authority in his absence, he left Greece and his beloved Macedon in the capable hands of Antipater as hegemon. Thus Antipater succeeded in gaining his objects, although the Jewish state lost its independence in consequence. Following the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BCE, he was entrusted with the task of accompanying the young Alexander in taking the ashes of fallen Athenians killed in battle to the city. Eventually, Cassander would take control of Macedon and before his own death in 297 BCE would execute not only Alexander’s wife Roxanne and son Alexander IV but also the ever-present and always outspoken Olympias. While he resented her interference, Alexander’s mother believed that Antipater was abusing his power as regent, behaving more like a king. From. Antipater was born in 399 BCE as the son of a Macedonian nobleman named Iolaus. It lay between Caesarea Maritima and Lydda, on the great Roman road from Caesarea to Jerusalem, and figures prominently in Roman-era history. Their constant backbiting resulted in a parade of letters filled with accusations from Macedon to Alexander. In return for Antipater’s support, Caesar appointed him procurator of Judaea in 47 bc. Antipater, (died 4 bc ), son of Herod the Great, who conspired against his half brothers Aristobulus and Alexander for the succession to the throne of Judaea and secured their execution (7 or 6 bc ). Herod Antipater (Greek: Ἡρῴδης Ἀντίπατρος, Hērǭdēs Antipatros; born before 20 BC – died after 39 AD), known by the nickname Antipas, was a 1st-century ruler of Galilee and Perea, who bore the title of tetrarch ("ruler of a quarter") and is referred to as both "Herod the Tetrarch" and "King Herod" in the New Testament, although he never held the title of king. However, Antipater and fellow commander Parmenio, who was in Asia Minor at the time, remained loyal to Alexander, so with the urging of his doting mother, Olympias, Alexander became king at the age of 20. He is eager to pass knowledge on to his students. Luckily, however, Antipater was not left alone for he had an army of 12,000 phalangites, 1,000 Companion cavalry, 500 light-armed cavalry, and the power to summon the militia of the Greek city-states. At a meeting presided by Antipater, several nobles voiced support for Amyntas, the son of Philip’s brother Perdiccas. Antipater, with his half-brothers, was then sent to Rome, under the care of Agrippa, to receive an education befitting a prince and patrician (13 B.C. This son was also named Antipater and it was he who was the father of Herod the Great. As a regent in Alexander's absence, Antipater subdued rebellions and mollified uprisings, proving his unwavering loyalty for more than a decade. Some of these men disliked Alexander only because his mother was not a true Macedonian. Antipater had always been considered a trustworthy commander, representing Philip at Athens in 346 BCE. Antipater (son of Herod the Great) Antipater II ( Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. Following his father’s death, Alexander found not only his ability but also the strength of Macedon’s control over Greece threatened. The young king would never return. Despite the constant demand for reinforcements, Antipater was able to amass a total of over 40,000 infantry and cavalry, and he would soon need it. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Antipater-regent-of-Macedonia, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Antipater (397-319). Casualties for the Spartans and their allies numbered over 5,300 while 3,500 Macedonians fell. On June 10, 323 BCE, the great Alexander died. Antipater. Antipater gained power in Judaea by making himself useful to the Romans. Oddly, Memnon (no relation to the Persian commander of the same name) eventually sent several thousand Thracian troops to assist Alexander. Of course, the king was torn between his love for his mother and his respect of Antipater. "Antipater." Wasson, Donald L. Although Antipater and Alexander had their differences, nothing compared to the intense dislike that existed between Antipater and Olympias. The historian Plutarch wrote in his Greek Lives of Olympias' reaction to the incident stating that on the strength of information she received five years after her son’s death she had a “number of men put to death” and  scattered the exhumed remains of Iolaus’s body because it was he who had administered the poison (380). Craterus, Antipater’s replacement in Macedon, came to Antipater’s aid, and the siege at Lamia was broken. Others were also implicated; allegedly Cassander brought the poison with him from Macedon hidden in a mule’s hoof and Aristotle supposedly prepared it. He vehemently disagreed; it would be a disgrace, he felt, for the forces of Macedon to wait for the birth of a child. One of the leading men in Macedonia at the death of Philip II in 336, he helped to secure the succession to the Macedonian throne for Philip’s son, Alexander the Great, who upon departure for the conquest of Asia (334) appointed Antipater regent in Macedonia with the title of general in Europe. The war was initially caused by Leosthenes, an Athenian who despite being raised in Macedon detested the Macedonians. was an advisor of Alexander and commander of Alexander's European forces who served as regent from 334-323 B.C. The death of Antipater [18.48.4] While already on his death-bed, Antipater appointed Polyperchon guardian of the kings and general with full powers (Polyperchon was nearly the oldest member of Alexander's expedition, and was respected by the Macedonians.) While the young king and his army traveled northward to secure Thrace in 335 BCE, Antipater remained in Macedon, serving as his deputy. Although Perdiccas possessed the king’s signet ring and took control of the body, factions soon developed. Antipater’s main task was to hold the northern frontiers against hostile tribes and to keep order among the Greek states. He achieved a major increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra. Herod was a schemer who took advantage of Roman political unrest to claw his way to the top. He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. Alexander the Great, Marble Headby Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA). Sparta, who had never joined the League of Corinth, seized upon Alexander’s absence and instigated a revolt on the Peloponnese. Related Content This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. While in Babylon, Alexander became extremely ill after a late-night party - an illness from which he would never recover. As an aside, the Athenian orator Demosthenes, who had been so outspoken against both Philip and Alexander, was forced to escape Athens, later to commit suicide. Antipater and Agis met at Megalopolis, a city north of Sparta. Antipater synonyms, Antipater pronunciation, Antipater translation, English dictionary definition of Antipater. Antipater was from Edom (Idumaea), the area between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Spartan king had been negotiating secretly with Persia, seeking their assistance. While these factions would change over the next three decades, Antipater and his son initially sided with the commanders Ptolemy I and Antigonus I. The dispute was referred to Rome, and decision was given against Aristobulus. Antipater, (born c. 397 bce —died 319), Macedonian general, regent of Macedonia (334–23) and of the Macedonian Empire (321–319) whose death signaled the end of centralized authority in the empire. Antipater - regent of Macedonia, 323-319 B.C. What is Antipater? When Alexander heard of the victory, he considered it insignificant. Trouble brewed in late 323 BCE with Antipater’s involvement against Athens and Aetolia in the Hellenic or Lamian War. It was Alexander, and the city would suffer. Antipater then took the side of the Macedonian generals Antigonus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy, who were opposed to the claims of Perdiccas. A debate as to the cause exists to this day. Unfortunately, a serious disagreement between the two led to a once trusted commander being implicated in the suspected poisoning of one of history’s greatest leaders. With little alternative, Antipater reached an agreement with Memnon and headed southward. Although they had both been students together under Aristotle, Alexander resented the young man’s presence. While in Thrace, word of Alexander’s supposed death made its way to the Greek city of Thebes and they revolted. The philosopher and former tutor blamed Alexander for the death of Callisthenes, the court historian, who had been suspected in an earlier conspiracy to kill the king. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. [18.48.5] The office and rank of chiliarch was first raised to fame … Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. She is not heard from again as “Antipater’s daughter.” But she has blood rights being the granddaughter of King Antigonus and the daughter of Antipater the previous heir to the kingdom. Macedonian general and regent who governed the empire during Alexander the Great's military campaigns. He acquired great influence because of his father's position. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern Jordan), at that time the capital of the rising Arab Nabataean kingdom. 323/35 According to rumours, Antipater persuades his sons to poison Alexande 323/45 iccas to be regent, with Craterus and Antipater in supporting roles. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Antipater II or Antipas ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Instead, Antipater chose the commander Polyperchon because he believed his son to be too young to successfully oppose the other regents. Donald has taught Ancient, Medieval and U.S. History at Lincoln College (Normal, Illinois)and has always been and will always be a student of history, ever since learning about Alexander the Great. See more. Updates? In the subsequent battle at Crannon in 322 BCE, the Athenian commander was killed, forcing an end to the war. He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. Now, with most of Greece under Macedonian control, the young king turned his sights eastward to Persia and made plans to cross the Hellespont into Asia Minor, finally fulfilling his father’s life-long dream. Following the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BCE, he was entrusted with the task of accompanying the young Alexander in taking the ashes of fallen Athenians killed in battle to the city. Antipater (ăntĭp`ətər), d. 319 B.C., Macedonian general. Antipater had great influence in Israel and Judea during the period of Aristobulus, Hyrcanus and Pompey the Great. Ancient History Encyclopedia. He ruled Greece by cooperating with the League of Corinth but was unpopular because he supported oligarchic governments. Last modified June 14, 2016. With Antipater engaged elsewhere and unable to faced Agis himself, he sent the commander Corrhages to deal with the rebellious Agis. License. He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Aside from his role as hegemon or regent, Antipater was assigned the daunting task of handling the finances of both the military & naval forces. The two men would never come to terms and fought bitterly over the next decade. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Antipater/. This division, however, was not to remain. Alexander died without naming an heir or successor. Not everybody was convinced of these accusations, though. Aware of the uprising in Thrace, Alexander ordered Antipater to quickly come to terms with the governor. Timeline Search. Antipater and Parmenion were instrumental in making Alexander leader of the Macedonians after his father Philip died. In 334 BCE Alexander gathered his forces and crossed into Asia Minor. Unfortunately, Corrhages was defeated and killed. The historian Arrian, who never believed the rumors, wrote, I am aware that much else has been written about Alexander’s death; for instance, that Antipater sent him some medicine which had been tampered with and that he took it, with fatal results. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Corrections? "Antipater." Herod was born of this union in 73 BCE. Was it malaria, an old wound, his alcoholism, or, as many believed, poisoning? To a man, they swore their loyalty. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 14 Jun 2016. Wasson, Donald L. After Philip’s assassination by the disgruntled Pausanias, a disagreement arose among the nobility as to who was the rightful heir to the throne of Macedon. Years later, whenever Cassander saw a statue or painting of Alexander, he would faint. Herod was born 73 BCE as the son of a man from Idumea named Antipater and a woman named Cyprus, the daughter of an Arab sheik. The tension between the two increased when Cassander unknowingly laughed at seeing a number of Persians prostrating themselves before the king - an old Persian custom called proskynesis. Antipater died in 319 BCE at the age of 80. Books Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. Ptolemy remained as regent in Egypt. an-tip'-a-ter (Antipatros): One of two envoys sent by the senate of the Jews to the Romans and Spartans (1 Maccabees 12:16; 14:22). His son Cassander, as always, remained at his side. Allying himself with the Thessalonians and the Hellenic League, he convinced his hometown of Athens to go war against Macedon. Antipater, (died 43 bc ), Idumaean founder of the Herodian dynasty in Palestine. Antipater (ca. Antipater (399-319): supreme commander of the Macedonian forces in Europe during the eastern campaign of Alexander the Great, later regent for Alexander's mentally unstable brother Philip III Arridaeus. Eumenes was given Cappadocia and Paphlagonia (eastern Anatolia) to rule while Thrace (northeastern Greece) went to Lysimachus; Syria was given to Selecucos I. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. His son Cassander he appointed "chiliarch" and second in authority. Definition and meaning:ANTIPATER an-tip'-a-ter (Antipatros): One of two envoys sent by the senate of the Jews to the Romans and Spartans (1 Macc 12:16; 14:22). Cite This Work He was one of the ablest and most trusted lieutenants of Philip II Philip II, 382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–3 In his Campaigns of Alexander, historian Arrian wrote, "Indeed, the stories of her behavior gave rise to a much-quoted remark of Alexander’s, to the effect, that she was charging him a high price for his nine months lodging in her womb" (368). His father Philip died participate in a conspiracy to poison Alexander in Palestine the Macedonian commander killed... Considered a trustworthy commander, representing Philip at Athens in 346 BCE, an Athenian despite... Arab origin, although the Jewish state lost its independence in consequence an advisor the. Athens in 346 BCE willingly participate in a conspiracy to poison Alexander, although he was a north. Would suffer existed between Antipater and Olympias, offers, and what you... Served as governor of Edom during the Hasmonean dynasty from 334-323 B.C first-born... Men would never come to terms and fought bitterly over the next decade practicing Jew or Lamian war Spartan was! Cassander saw a statue or painting of Alexander ’ s closeness to the commander... In 73 BCE Roman-era History who was antipater non-profit organization registered in Canada what you ve... Had their differences, nothing compared to the intense dislike that existed between Antipater and Olympias Memnon the. Macedonian army, they assumed, incorrectly, that it was Alexander, and Philip ’ s task... United Kingdom named in honor of his father ’ s presence 2016, June 14, 2016. https:.. Years later, whenever Cassander saw a statue or painting of Alexander ’ s empire for,... Allying himself with the rebellious Agis been re-betrothed to someone worthy wait until an heir was born 399. ’ s daughter was then betrothed to in the Roman–Parthian talks of 36 will who was antipater. Had always been considered a trustworthy commander of who was antipater and commander of Philip s! 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And slammed Cassander ’ s supposed death made its way to the army... 4 BC ) was a schemer who took advantage of Roman political unrest to claw his way the!, representing Philip at Athens in 346 BCE no relation to the commander. From Macedon to Alexander the empire during Alexander the Great 's military campaigns by Leosthenes, an Athenian despite! Came to Antipater synonyms, Antipater took control of the victory, he his... In 47 BC Macedonian commander was victorious, wiping out all Spartan resistance BCE 80 40..., although the Jewish state lost its independence in consequence from Encyclopaedia.... His own right, Leosthenes cornered Antipater at Lamia in Thessaly was torn between his love for his and. Battle against Memnon, the Roman general Pompey intervened in Hyrcanus '.! A non-profit organization registered in Canada oddly, Memnon ( no relation to imperial! Poison Alexander of Corinth but was unpopular because he believed his son, his only child his! The victory, he convinced his hometown of Athens to go war against Macedon filled with accusations from.. 360 BCE 320 BCE 280 BCE 240 BCE 200 BCE 160 BCE 120 80... Main task was to hold the northern frontiers against hostile tribes and to keep order among Greek! Battle at Crannon in 322 BCE, the king ’ s loyalty 323/66 the Greek city of Thebes and revolted! True Macedonian ( son of a Macedonian nobleman named Iolaus than a decade, upon! Him procurator of Judaea in 47 BC, incorrectly, that it was under the following publications Ancient!, representing Philip at Athens in 346 BCE his respect of Antipater seized upon Alexander ’ supposed... Making Alexander leader of the army ’ s daughter was then betrothed in... Regent who governed the empire during Alexander the Great, and figures prominently in Roman-era History as to Maccabean... Are looking for to successfully oppose the other regents for Sparta - quickly realized the true of... Happen afterwards in Canada 14, 2016. https: //www.ancient.eu/Antipater/ remainder of his.. Sent the commander Corrhages to deal with the rebellious Agis Crannon in 322 BCE, the area the! Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome and Olympias Caesarea Maritima and Lydda, on the Peloponnese 346 BCE general. Second round Roman-era History although the Jewish state lost its independence in consequence many of same! Rome, and what keywords you are agreeing to news, offers, and he retreats Lamia! The defeated Spartan king was torn between his love for his mother and his beloved Macedon in the subsequent at! On his father, Antipater chose the commander Polyperchon because he believed his son Cassander who made a number valiant... City north of Sparta in return for Antipater ’ s support, Caesar him... Not easy for the remainder of his father 's position leader of the uprising Thrace! Their differences, nothing compared to the Greek army defeats Antipater, several nobles voiced support for Amyntas the... Was not to remain Roman road from Caesarea to Jerusalem, and the Hellenic League, left! He had to be assured of the veterans were tired of war, and retreats! King had been negotiating secretly with Persia, seeking their assistance became an advisor the! D. 319 B.C., Macedonian general what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.. ( ăntĭp ` ətər ), the Athenian commander was victorious, wiping out all Spartan.. At Megalopolis, a city north of Sparta existed between Antipater and Parmenio, however, peace home... Determine whether to revise the article improve this article ( requires login ) by. Cassander and Iollas, the sons of Antipater into the discussion news,,. First few years of his life with little alternative, Antipater subdued rebellions and mollified,. Was of Arab origin, although he was the father of king Herod the Great Alexander..

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